Immigrant Oral Histories

Woonspe Wikcemna Noŋpa Som Topa: Dakota Influence

Mni sota Mni sota, Minnesota, cloud-tinted waters
Mni ska Mni ska, Minneiska, white/clean water
Minnetonka Minnetonka, Minnetonka, big water
Minneota Minneota, Minneota, to drown, or a lot of water
Cokaya Cokaya, Chokio, the middle
Winona Winona, Winona, first-born daughter
Chaske Chaske, Chaska, first-born son
Hanska Hanska, Hanska, tall
Taopi Taopi, Taopi, the wound
Hokah Hokah, Hokah, the badger
Witoka Witoka, Witoka, the female captive
Ŝakpe Ŝakpe, Shakopee, six
Makato Makato, Mankato, blue earth
Bdote Bdote, Mendota, two rivers meeting
Kapoza Kapoza, Kaposia, those who travel light (without much baggage)
Owatoŋna Owatoŋna, Owatonna, straight river
Caŋhasan Caŋhasan, Chanhassen, birch tree - wood bark grey
Wakonia Wakonia, Waconia, fountain or spring
Wapasha Wapasha, Wabasha, red cap (a Dakota leader)

Selected U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 commemoration projects and programs are made possible by the Legacy Amendment's Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund, through the vote of Minnesotans on November 4, 2008.